WADA and the Anti-Doping Code

WADA and the Anti-Doping Code

WADA developed the World Anti-Doping Code in 2015 covering six International standards:

  1. Testing and Investigation
  2. Therapeutic Use Exemptions

2.       Laboratories

3.       Protection of Privacy and Personal Information

4.       Prohibited List

5.       Code compliance by Signatories


This current code will be revised on 01 January 2021 with the inclusion of two new International Standards:

  1. International Standard of Education
  2. International Standard for Results Management


The WADA Prohibited List is revised and printed annually on 01 January however it is important to remember that the annual update is the minimum requirement and substances can be added at any time.

The Prohibited List is categorized into three categories:

  1. Substances and methods prohibited at all times
  2. Substances prohibited in particular sports

2.       Substances and methods prohibited in-competition only


The current Prohibited List can be found online at



Alternatively, you can collect a hardcopy of the Prohibited List from the Sport Nutrition Monitoring Centre, Hong Kong Sports Institute.

Based on the WADA 2015 code, there are 10 Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRV) that applies to athletes and six violations (5-10) also apply to Athlete Support Personnel (ASP):


  • Presence of a banned substance
  • Prohibited Association – athletes associated with ASP who are serving a ban or found guilty of an ADRV

2.       Use of a banned substance

3.       Refusal to give a sample

4.       Failure to meet the whereabouts criteria

5.       Tampering with any part of the testing procedure

6.       Possession of a banned substance or equipment

7.       Trafficking of a banned substance

8.       Administration of a banned substance, aiding, abetting or covering up an ADRV

9.       Complicity – helping someone commit an ADRV or avoid detection


The sanctioning of those who break the anti-doping rules in its simplest form looks like this:


Table adapted from the UK Anti-Doping Coachwise hub, 28 April 2020